12 Different Types Of Business Loans Explained

12 Different Types Of Business Loans Explained

12 Different Types Of Business Loans Explained

When it comes to financing your business, there are various types of business loans available to suit different needs and circumstances. Understanding the different options can help you make informed decisions about which type of loan is most suitable for your business. In this post, we will explore 12 different types of business loans, explaining each in detail.

Term Loans

Term loans are one of the most common types of business loans. They involve borrowing a fixed amount of money that is repaid over a specific term, typically ranging from one to five years. These loans are often used for long-term investments such as purchasing equipment, expanding operations, or acquiring a business. Interest rates can be fixed or variable, and collateral may be required.

Lines of Credit

A line of credit is a flexible form of financing that provides businesses with access to a predetermined credit limit. With a line of credit, you can borrow funds as needed and repay them, similar to a credit card. This type of loan is suitable for managing cash flow fluctuations, covering short-term expenses, or seizing unexpected opportunities. Interest is charged on the amount borrowed, and collateral may be required.

SBA Loans

Small Business Administration (SBA) loans are government-backed loans designed to support small businesses. The SBA partners with lenders to provide favorable loan terms, including lower interest rates and longer repayment periods. SBA loans can be used for various purposes, such as starting a new business, purchasing real estate, or refinancing existing debt. The application process can be more rigorous than for other loans.

Equipment Financing

Equipment financing allows businesses to acquire necessary equipment or machinery without paying the full purchase price upfront. The equipment itself serves as collateral for the loan. This type of financing is ideal for businesses that rely heavily on equipment, such as manufacturing companies or construction firms. The loan term matches the expected useful life of the equipment.

Invoice Financing

Accounts receivable financing, also known as invoice financing, enables companies to access capital by utilizing their unpaid invoices. Businesses can sell their invoices to a financing company at a discount rather than waiting for customers to pay. A portion of the invoice value is initially advanced by the financing company, generating immediate cash flow. The balance, less fees, is released to the business after the customer pays the invoice.

Commercial Real Estate Loans

Commercial real estate loans are specifically designed for businesses looking to purchase, refinance, or develop commercial properties. These loans typically have longer terms and larger loan amounts than traditional loans. Commercial real estate loans can be used to acquire office spaces, retail buildings, warehouses, or industrial properties. The property itself serves as collateral for the loan.

Merchant Cash Advances

Businesses receive an upfront payment of cash in exchange for a percentage of future credit card sales from merchant cash advances. This kind of financing is common in sectors like retail or hospitality, which see a lot of credit card transactions. Until the advance plus fees are repaid, repayment is made by deducting a fixed percentage from each credit card sale. Although merchant cash advances are renowned for their speedy approval procedures, they may have high-interest costs.

Business Acquisition Loans

Business acquisition loans are used to finance the purchase of an existing business. These loans allow entrepreneurs to acquire an established business with a proven track record rather than starting from scratch. The loan amount is based on factors such as the business’s financial performance, assets, and growth potential. Collateral and a thorough evaluation of the target business are usually required.

Startup Loans

Startup loans are specifically designed for new businesses without an established credit history or significant assets. These loans provide funding to cover startup costs, such as equipment purchases, marketing expenses, or initial inventory. Startups can secure these loans based on the owner’s personal creditworthiness, business plan, and potential for success. Interest rates may be higher, and collateral or a personal guarantee may be required.

Personal Loans for Business

In some cases, entrepreneurs may choose to use personal loans for business purposes. This involves borrowing funds using personal credit, assets, or savings to finance business needs. Personal loans for businesses can be an option for small businesses or startups, but it’s important to consider the personal financial risks and repayment obligations.

Franchise Financing

Franchise financing is tailored for entrepreneurs looking to invest in a franchise business. These loans provide funds for franchise fees, equipment purchases, and working capital. Lenders may have specialized loan programs for popular franchise brands and offer favorable terms based on the franchise’s success rate and brand recognition.


Microloans are small loans typically ranging from a few thousand to $50,000. They are often provided by nonprofit organizations or community development financial institutions (CDFIs). Microloans are ideal for startups or small businesses with limited capital needs. The application process is usually simpler than traditional loans, and the funds can be used for various purposes, such as purchasing inventory or equipment.

Understanding the different types of business loans is essential for any business owner seeking financial support. Each loan type has its own features, advantages, and considerations. Assessing your business’s specific needs, financial situation, and future goals will help you choose the most suitable loan option. Remember to compare lenders, terms, and interest rates to ensure you secure the best financing option for your business’s success.


Mark J. Kane is a successful entrepreneur spending the last 16 years lending money to business owners. Beginning his career as a psychologist, at the age of 23 he became the youngest Hospital Admin running a 100+ bed facility. He built two businesses to over 500 employees and a business from scratch to over $18M in revenue in 18 months before selling. This experience led him to begin Sunwise Capital.

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